Saturday, April 4, 2020

Whims and Fancies Of An Ethereal Childhood

I don't really write poems, not my domain. However, the NaPoWriMo prompt of today (Day 4) reminded me the one dream-imagery that dominated most of my childhood. The moment I read it I was thrown back to cherishing that slaphappy memory, so I wrote something about it anyway, whether you'd classify it as a poem or not.

The prompt: to write a poem based on an image from a dream.

Drops of heavy rain fall hard,
there is a knock on the door,
the middle of night.
Heart pounds fast, 
the thought of it
numbing, in excitement.
Eleventh birthday, they said, 
and the unending wait had 
come to cease.
The knock, again.
Heart pounds faster,
the wind whistles the tune of hope,
the hoot of an owl builds up
the nearing time.
Not one more civilized knock,
but a knocked down door.
A wet, giant Hagrid stands 
clueless, eyes darting in search
of the little girl.
'Congrats, kid. Happy birthday!'
he booms.
'Sandhya- yer a wizard.'
There is silence.
Only the whistling wind,
could be heard.

Anyone who knew me around my middle school times can vouch for a fact that I went around saying I'd deny the most prestigious institution any day only to get acceptance from Hogwarts. It was my happy place, and many thanks to J. K. Rowling for that beautiful story that made us all yearn to get in. I was so carried away by the story that I actually believed that on my eleventh birthday I would actually get into Hogwarts. I even did the base of lecturing my mom as an attempt to convince her into sending me to Hogwarts. Ah, that was an acceptable disappointment. And, thanks to my wonderful friends, the long dream was finally fulfilled on my 19th birthday! Thanks to all of you who let me have my whims and fancies of an ethereal childhood with Harry Potter and the world of books!

Friday, April 3, 2020

How I Made $2,000,000 In The Stock Market

Title: How I Made $2,000,000 In The Stock Market
Author: Nicholas Darvas

The stock market is as closest to magical money as we know it. Darvas, in this brilliantly written retrospective look at how he made $2,000,000 over 18 months in the stock market, takes us through what looks like a series of natural common sense actions that we would do, which he also did, and journals the change in his approach to the markets as he gets his sweet profits and woeful losses.

A dancer by profession, with not an inkling of knowledge about markets or stocks, Darvas stumbles upon the concept for the first time when his clients of his dance show agree to pay him in stocks of a Company they are interested in, instead of cash. Later, due to good conscience he purchases the stocks anyway, though he is unable to perform the show for his client. A careless glance at the papers one morning makes him realize he has doubled his profits. With this sweet introductory taste of success, he continues to experiment in the Canadian mine companies in the market. 

From a blind-eyed gambler, investing on stocks based on crude trust and rumours under the garb of 'inside information', Darvas is quick to realize that his small profits were nothing but sheer luck, and he seeks to improvise his market methods to something better informed. He started his gambling phase at the Canadian markets, but however when he finally wraps it up and starts his work in the Wall Street, he aims to be a fundamentalist. 

Through his fundamental and technical approaches, both of which individually fail Darvas' attempt to have a formula that he can apply on stocks, he finally realizes that it's not a case of either but rather a techno-fundamentalist approach to stocks that actually works, that looks at both the fundamental workings of the Company, and also the dynamic numbers and volumes associated with the stock. 

The book is filled with pieces out of Darvas' record of what stocks he bought, how they behaved and where we went wrong or right. This makes the book in itself a standing example of what Darvas describes. It is not a book that comes down heavy on you with jargon. Darvas himself, in fact, being a dancer, starts at the very beginning when he knew nothing about stocks, and walks you all the way through how he came to make the $2,000,000.

A long time ago, way back in 2014, I read this book, and wrote a post: Five Points That I Learnt From “How I Made $2 Million In The Stock Market”. And, I learnt a whole lot of things this time that I can't incorporate all of them in this review of the book! I shall definitely do another post on it, stay tuned. 

This is an absolutely brilliant, fun, and quick read that not only amply warns about the natural course of stupidity that the brain would like to adopt in the market, but also  garners a hope that Darvas clearly maintains throughout the book that even a person who doesn't know what a stock is can hit it off big time in the markets with steady experience leading to corrective learning, and more experience!

I loved it more when I read it this second time around!

Thursday, April 2, 2020

The Palace Of Illusions

Title: The Palace Of Illusions
Author: Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni

I usually am not fond of reading re-imaginations of Indian mythological stories. That is probably because I have heard them several times before, and also heard them in the best possible style. Poetic adaptations are sometimes fun to read, and we had a lot of them during our Tamil classic literature lessons in school. However, I picked up this book to read sometime back.

Most of us have heard the stories from the epic Mahabharata. It has for years been retold, and stalwart poets have re-imagined the tale in their fluent, mesmerizing verses. Chitra Banerjee in The Palace of Illusions attempts to re-imagine a part of the epic, but from the narrative point of view of Panchali. Starting from the birth of Draupadi as a maiden out of pious fire, till the end, the narrative is maintained from the perspective of Panchali. 

The story is not the one that is captivating in this book. We all know them well, and sometimes know it from sources we trust better, and have heard some amazing narrations. Yet, the only reason this book is any different is the twist in who is narrating the story. The idea to re-imagine from the perspective of one of the best, and most classic characters of the Mahabharata, especially that being a woman- is what the book aims to deliver. 

The Palace of Illusions is purely a re-imagining of the Mahabharata from the author's perspective of how Panchali might have seen it. It is an interesting experiment, written commendably. The narrative has just the right pace, and is highly engaging. It is must be given to the credit of the author, to have made the story engaging despite us having known every story before. The book is an engaging read, and the flow of the author as to how Panchali might have narrated it has been a refreshing read. However, I personally did not feel overwhelmed by the book, as compared to a lot of people who seemed to have been.

Finally, to wrap it up in one line, the readers have to bear in mind just one thing: it is not the Mahabharata, it is an imaginative retelling of stories from the epic as imagined by the author from the narrative of Panchali. 

 It was an interesting read, although!

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

The Snow Gel Queen Demands Her Tribute

Happiness was at it's best when we were in school. In the final years of my primary schooling, towards the end term of my fifth standard life, there came a life-turning point. It was a significant one- one that would mould my preference and dominate for the rest of my school years, still does in college, and would probably do through the rest of my life. A bunch of ten-year-olds excitedly bid adieu to term two of Class V. When we returned after that short term break of ten days, we were to return as those who were going to take that first step into what seemed like a 'grown-ups' life. In the third term of Class V, we graduated from a pencil to a pen. Yes, a pen.

Our school had a rule that you could use only a gel pen or an ink pen. Ball pens were strictly prohibited until Class VIII. The class was in two factions- those who wrote with their fancy ink pens, and those with the gel pens. Actually, there was a third faction too- the ones that bought only and only Trimax.

Class V was an exciting phase with a full-on pen exploration undertaken by all the kids. My first ink pen was a classic green Camlin ink pen. Well, it pretty soon turned out that it didn't work that well for me. There were hoards of other famous ones like Jumbo and Camel that others used. The ultimate favourite ink pen that, as kids, we went frenzy about was Grippy, an ink pen with a new comic designed body. Out of the 35 in my class, 30 of us had it, whether we liked ink pens or not. It was just a cult necessity. There were those few who showed off their Parkers, and a few others stuck to their Luxor stick pens. But then later, I found that I didn't like ink pens at all much, and then I diverged out to explore gel pen options.

And, then came a phase of PelicansPilot, and Trimax. They were the top of the game. With an amazing flow, and pen caps that somersault, Trimax was an instant favourite for all of us. But the common issue among all of them was that they were expensive. Thirty rupees for a pen, and eighteen rupees for a refill. We found that the ink was gone in a week, for all the notes that we took down. We set out to find cheaper alternatives. 

That was the period of the discovery of Snow Gel and Reynolds Racer Gel in our lives. Again, all the Grippys, Trimax, Pelicans were duly replaced by the five-rupee Snow Gel that lasted for over two weeks. True, the caps didn't somersault. But hey, they came in so many colours!

I was always a gel pen girl, but that's only till the end of Class VI. The most rebellious thing we ever did in school was to use a ball pen before Class VIII. Woah, wow, what cool kids, and what a wondrous life! Right? It was fun to sneak in one paper written in all ball, amongst those other papers written in ink and gel! Later, when my brother went through the same phase in school, I was strictly warned by my parents not to teach him such wrong lessons. 

To date, I am a ball-pen girl. And I positively love those three/four/five rupee pens. In my opinion, drawn from my extensive experience from experimentation, they work the best! Their flow is just brilliant, they are absolutely cost-effective, and they last for a decently long period. Also, bonus points, they don't break if you drop, they don't ever leak, and you don't feel that guilty if you lose them (though you should, losing is bad), or someone whom you lent it to didn't return it. 

When I see someone taking notes with a pencil during lectures at the University, I am always reminded of this. Today, I was looking for a pencil to mark something on my notebook, and again was reminded of this. 

As the Snow Gel Queen demands her tribute, I present to you this post- the adventures of happy 10-year olds who decided the faction of pens they belonged to!

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

North And South

Title: North and South
Author: Elizabeth Gaskell

Margaret Hale, eighteen, lives in London with her cousin Edith and her affluent Aunt Shaw for over 10 years. And, when Edith marries Captain Lennox, Margaret happily returns to the southern village of Helstone, which she had been missing for quite a while during her stay in London. Margaret refuses an offer of proposal of marriage by the Captain's brother, Henry, training underway to become a barrister. Her life is taken around on an unexpected spin when her pious father, the local pastor, leaves the Church of England and the rectory of Helstone involving certain issues, as a matter of conscience. Father and daughter leave the comfort of their village, and shift into a town in Milton-Northern. 

The story follows Margaret as she gets involved with the brash life of the industrial society of the town, and how her abject dismissal of the town turns to a growing fondness for it over the eighteen months that she stays in the town. Love and life hits a young, determined and happy Margaret as she involves herself with the hard-working but poverty stricken people of the town. 

This classic has one of the strongest leads that I have ever read. First published in 1854, Elizabeth Gaskell's Margaret is an example of the then emerging modern day woman, who is solid in her opinions and intuitions, and puts a strong foot forward to lead others. Gaskell neatly ties up all the confronting themes of her society, and deals with modernity, tradition, rebellion, authority, love and hope with elegance.

I am fan of classic fiction. And, this one is an invaluable addition to my wonderful library of classics. It proves to us that strength, be it in a woman or a man, is not a new concept, and in fact is age old and gold! I am forever amazed by these wonderful authors who could portray a storm of a character like Margaret in this book, and Daisy Miller in Daisy Miller by Henry James. Books like these undeniably draw me closer to devour classic fiction. 

I loved North and South, and so will you! 

Monday, March 30, 2020

Catching A Vibe

Music is something that I have been introduced to very young. My mom loves listening to Carnatic music, a classical South-Indian genre, and she watches a lot of concerts, they are called 'katcheri'. I learnt South Indian Carnatic music for a long time during my schooldays from a professional classical Carnatic music guru. Being in Chennai, music is found everywhere in the December 'margazhi utsavam season'. Almost in every household, the kids learnt, when I was in school, classical music in some form- either vocal or instrumental. Our own school had two dedicated periods for music- one traditional and the other western, where we learnt a mix of swaras and jingles- all in the same spirit!

However, apart from the jingles that I learnt in school, and the trendy scores, I never had the opportunity, nor bothered to explore other genres of music. Words like poprockjazz, rap were just words to me, really, and I didn't have a great sense about them. But, college opened up a lot of new music to me. Initially (and still actually, haha), I shied away from conversations about music because of the worry that I didn't really know much about it. And then slowly, I started looking at it the other way: I don't know anything is the best place to start a conversation from! And wham-bham: my friends were always asking me to check out this and that, and they were constantly sending me song suggestions. I kind of got into a groove about it. 

Over the semesters (since I've come to identify time in the scale of semesters like any college student), I have explored quite a bit, and I have to admit I found out ones that clearly weren't favourites, and then ones that I really loved.

There are so, so many songs that I listened to and liked over the semesters, but here are five songs which are special to me because a) I loved them, and b) they actually opened me up to other songs and music. Note, there is no order of preference. 

1. Someone New - Hozier : Have to give Hozier the first place. A dear friend made me listen to Someone New as we were walking through our University campus, and that's the story of how I met Hozier without even knowing what I was listening to. It kept playing in my head so often, I was compelled to go back and ask from her what song it was. And from there, I started listening to most of his songs.

2. Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go - Wham! : Can't say no to 80s pop.

3. Bennie and the Jets - Elton John : Looks like can't say no to 70s either.

4. B-A-B-Y - Carla Thomas : When I saw Baby Driver, apart from all the car stunts that left me glued to the screen, this was the one song I wanted to go back and check out again. And then, before I knew it I was listening to it on repeat.

5. Taro - Alt-J : This was one song that I stumbled upon on someone's suggestion (I think), and I actually never forget who told me about a song. But, this one here is an exception. I absolutely love it, but can't remember who told me about it. Maybe, no one did and I just stumbled upon it myself. 

6. Dancing Queen - ABBA : Like I already told you, we don't listen to English songs much at home. But, my dad pulled out a list of ABBA songs from one of his friends once, and Dancing Queen just came right to my heart. Loved it then, and love it now. 

7. 24K Magic - Bruno Mars : This was the first Bruno Mars song I ever heard. And, we all got to accept, it does make us dance!

8. Come Together - The Beatles :  This was something I listened to for the first time while cleaning up my room, when my Spotify artist radio just played it. I didn't even know it was by the Beatles! But, the song caught on to me and I went back and checked it out, and since then it has always been in the playlist!

Oops, I said 5 songs but looks like I have a lot of special ones! This is obviously a list I can keep adding to. But, just like I wrap up my research papers in college: the list is beyond the scope of this blog post!

Which songs are special to you? Would you like to add a suggestion, or two? Let me know in the comments!

Sunday, March 29, 2020

What Is A Valid Agreement?

To begin understanding the concept and validity of an agreement, the baseline requirement is to fully understand the essence of the definition of this term. Agreement is defined as “a negotiated and typically legally binding arrangement between parties as to a course of action” in the Oxford Dictionary. 

Section 2(e) of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, defines agreement as thus: “Every promise and every set of promises, forming the consideration for each other, is an agreement”

According to Black’s Law Dictionary, the term “agreement” has been expounded as the following:

“A concord of understanding and intention, between two or more parties, with respect to the effect upon their relative rights and duties, of certain past or future facts or performances. The act of two or more persons, who unite in expressing a mutual and common purpose, with the view of altering their rights and obligations. A coming together of parties in opinion or determination; the union of two or more minds in a thing done or to be done; a mutual assent to do a thing. Agreements are of the following several descriptions, viz.: Conditional agreements, the operation and effect of which depend upon the existence of a supposed state of facts, or the performance of a condition, or the happening of a contingency. Executed agreements, which have reference to past events, or which are at once closed and where nothing further remains to be done by the parties. Executory agreements are such as are to be performed in the future. They are commonly preliminary to other more formal or important contracts or deeds, and are usually evidenced by memoranda, parol promises, etc. Express agreements are those in which the terms and stipulations are specifically declared and avowed by the parties at the time of making the agreement.”

I am not sure whether all of you read that or skipped it, so here's a summary of what an agreement is:
it is the result of proposal from one side and its acceptance by the other. 

Since a “valid agreement”, that is enforceable by law, is the basis for any contract, it is pertinent to look into the components or the elements that validate an agreement and make it possible to make it a contract enforceable by law. 

Section 10 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, lays down the key points that make an agreement valid and enforceable as a contract in the eyes of law. The main validating features in an agreement, that can be understood through Section 10 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, are the following: 
1. free consent of all parties entering into the contract
2. competency of all the parties entering into the contract
3. a valid consideration
4. a valid object
5. consensus ad idem or meeting of minds of all the parties entering into a contract
6. the act not being expressly declared to be void
Any agreement that we make that do not satisfy these criteria cannot be a valid agreement in the eyes of law. And, these are just the most basic and sine qua non of any valid agreement. Sometimes, an agreement that fulfills all of the criteria under Section 10 may need something more to make it valid in the eyes of law. 

For example, any agreement and contract for the transfer of a piece of land, or any other immovable property is to be registered compulsorily. A contract that does so without registration is invalid in the eyes of law even if it fully complies with Section 10.

So, we come back to the question: what is a valid agreement?

A valid agreement is one that
a. complies with Section 10 of the Indian Contract Act
b. complies with all mandatory requirements attached to the nature of the contractual agreement under any Indian Law
Fun question: Doesn't consensus ad idem remind you of 'A Horse and Two Goats' by R K Narayan? Or, is it just me every time I hear it?

Saturday, March 28, 2020

Termination On Grounds Of Non-Performance

You are a huge company. Mr. A has been working for you since the early years of the Company, and is one of the most honest, trustworthy employees, and he used to be hard working. But now, Mr. A is under-performing, and not an asset to the Company. He hasn't done anything wrong to the Company. No fraud, no gimmicks. Can you fire him because he didn't perform?

Termination of non-workmen category of employees who are working in a shop or commercial establishment are broadly governed by the provisions of Shops & Establishments Act being applicable to the respective employee. 

In a Mondaq article on the subject, under TN Shops & Establishments Act,

"an employee is entitled to notice of one month or wages in lieu of notice if the employer wishes to dispense with the services of that employee except in case of misconduct. Where an employee's services are terminated on account of misconduct, an employee is not entitled to any notice or payment in lieu thereof. Generally, the said enactments define misconduct to include acts of theft, fraud, misappropriation or dishonesty in connection with the employer's business or property. The scope of the said definition has however not been extended to capture the circumstance of inefficiency or unsatisfactory performance by the employee." 

The Madras High Court dealt with the issue of whether the notice period requirement is manadatory or not in the event of termination on the grounds of inefficiencyin the case of Miss T.N. Chandra v. South India Corp (Agencies) Ltd. and another. The Hon'ble Supreme Court in this case held that an employee cannot be thrown out of job on the ground of "extremely unsatisfactory conduct" if the procedure established by law is not followed and if the employee is not put to notice.

“Section 41(1) of the Act is both prohibitory and mandatory and it stipulates in categorical terms that no employer shall dispense with the services of a person employed continuously for a period of not less than six months, except for— 
(a) a reasonable cause; and 
(b) without giving such person at least one month's notice or wages in lieu of such notice."

Therefore, notice period is a pre-requisite for terminating an employee, even including the cases of termination due to of inefficiency or unsatisfactory performance.

In the year 1983, in Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation v. M. Management, the issue came before the Supreme Court , in which it was held that termination of employee on the ground of services not found satisfactory falls within the framework of retrenchment.

In Punjab Land Development and Reclamation Corporation v. The Presiding Officer, Labour Court, Chandigarh, a full bench held that the phrase "for any reason whatsoever" needs to be interpreted and understood in a much wider and literal sense. Accordingly, the term "retrenchment" was eventually considered to mean the termination by the employer of a worker's services for any cause whatsoever, without restricting the retrenchment criterion to the extent of the superfluity of a worker or employee, except for those expressly excluded from the concept.

It falls under retrenchment. However, courts have also discouraged firing employees solely on the basis of under performance. They have made mandatory the following of due procedure, and have tried to shift weight on the company to discourage the practice in a mass scale. 

Answer: Therefore, Mr. A can be fired. You have to give him exact notice of how he under performed, and also satisfy the court. 

Friday, March 27, 2020

Give Yourself Goosebumps

Series: Goosebumps
Author: R. L. Stine

R. L. Stine was a great children's author. He knew exactly what his target readers wanted, and we got it. 

This is not a book review. This is just a reminiscent piece about a book that dominated a lot of my childhood reading in school. I was never a fan of Goosebumps for a long time. What was supposed to be a children's horror story in the series, was at the most just disgusting, not at all one bit scary. But, the boys in my class loved it. There was set in my class that looked down upon the people who read Famous Five instead of Goosebumps (Blyton is better any day, duh, come on, whom were they kidding)! But, Goosebumps was one of the first books that I came across where you could maneuver the story. Yes, nothing but the famous Give Yourself Goosebumps series. 

I came across an article on Brainpickings that reminded me of this, and hence the post. Have to admit, I enjoyed the Give Yourself Goosebumps series like no other. We would try and take the stories as dangerously as possible, and try not to get killed in the end. They were called game books. Sitting there, and making that choice at the bottom of the page as to which page to proceed next, I swear we felt like we were making a top secretive, important billion-dollar decision that the world depended on. 

Goosebumps was a weird series. But the Give Yourself Goosebumps series was plain fun. I rarely came across other books that incorporated such a style. It was new, fun and different. 

Also, thinking back now, that must have been one nice challenge to write a book like. Where any page that your reader chose across the book, they had a logical flow and conclusion. If I attempted something of the sort, it would be ambitious. R. L. Stine was a great children's author. He knew exactly what his target readers wanted, and we got it. 

Rushing through those corridors leading to the library to grab the most wanted Give Yourself Goosebumps series book is still a fond memory!

Thursday, March 26, 2020

We Need Rights, And We Need A Procedure To Get Our Rights In Case Of Violations

Law has two aspects: a procedural part, and a substantive part. 

According to Albert Kocourek, a well known jurist, the pairs of terms, Substantive Law and Procedural Law, and Substance and Procedure, are not synonymous. The first pair of terms is useful in a classification of the law, while the second pair of terms is limited to a determination of the rights of the parties, in litigation.

In his paper, Prof. Kocourek concludes that there is a clear logical distinction between "substance" and "procedure". There is no intermediate zone which affects the conceptual clarity of either of the terms, or the line of distinction between them. In the administration of justice in courts, this clarity was sometimes difficult. Also, historically it may have emerged as a generalization of practical experience, but in the background of human experience and cerebration, like other valid logical categories, it remains wholly independent of experience or application. English and American courts have, in the main, applied the distinction with remarkable logical consistency.

In Gacek vs. American Airlines, the judgement reads thus:
"A substantive law is one motivated by a desire to influence conduct outside the litigation process, such as a desire to deter accidents, while a procedural law is one motivated by a desire to reduce the cost or increase the accuracy of the litigation process, regardless of the substantive basis of the particular litigation." 
Substantive and procedural aspects both go hand in hand in law. Without one, the other would be meaningless and cannot be claimed or enforced. As much as it is a necessity to strengthen substantive laws that give the rights and obligations, equally important is the necessity to have a feasible and foolproof procedural law that can ensure such rights. For example, during an empirical study conducted by me and my friends for a Criminal Law project, we found that the gross under-reporting of cases are directly connected with the long and faulty loopholes in the procedural law for crimes for certain natures. Even though there is a substantive right and remedy available, they are not attainable due to the procedural lapses.

And, therefore, I conclude, that it is important to remember again that law has two aspects, and one cannot do without the other.

Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Unconscionability In Contracts

Unconscionability can be seen as the use of context, not to interpret the promise, but to decide whether the promise should be enforceable. It is generally considered the buyer's responsibility or the responsibility of the person who carries out the contract to fully understand the terms of the contract (caveat emptor). But, according to Walker-Thomas II (US Case), "When a party of little bargaining power, and hence little real choice, signs a commercially unreasonable contract with little or no knowledge of its terms, it is hardly likely that consent was ever given to all the terms."

Unconscionable contracts are structured in such a way as to benefit one party and to place harsh, unfair, unreasonable conditions on the other. The unconscionable contract is one which is so gross and unfair in the light of the time and place, and the market standards that it can not be implemented. The unconscionability doctrine enables the court to interfere in the parties' contractual arrangements and change such agreements.

The 199th Law Commission report talks about two kinds of unconscionability in contracts:
1. Procedural Unconscionability: A contract or a term is procedurally unfair if it has resulted in an unjust advantage or unjust disadvantage to one party on account of the conduct of the other party or the 5 manner in which or the circumstances under which the contract has been entered into or the term thereof has been arrived at by the parties. (Recommendation of Law Commission of India, 199th Report)  
2. Substantive Unconscionability A contract or a term thereof shall be treated as unfair if the contract or terms thereof are by themselves harsh, oppressive or unconscionable. If the court as a matter of law finds the contract or any clause of the contract to have been unconscionable at the time it was made the court may refuse to enforce the contract, or it may enforce the remainder of the contract without the unconscionable clause, or it may so limit the application of any unconscionable clause as to avoid any unconscionable result. (Recommendation of Law Commission of India, 199th Report)
In several cases, where the transactions are absolutely unconscionable, Indian courts have stringently come out with a firm hand to annul such transactions. For example, consider a situation when one party is in an extremely powerful and controlling position, and the other is a very weak party, for a consideration that is manifestly poor and grossly insufficient. If they enter into an arrangement to transfer a land in a way that even a common man would not hesitate for a moment to comment that the weaker party has been fully duped, then the unconscionability rule has been used by the courts to ensure that the strong party is not permitted to push the weaker party to the ground.

Unconscionability is a valuable and necessary defense for smaller groups of businesses/producers, especially when they are entering into contracts with huge companies. I have personally come across a case of a small client overridden by a big company, that I worked on closely in my previous internship, and the unconscionability of their contractual clauses was one of the key pleas that the firm placed on behalf of the client.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

What To Read: At A Time Of "Social Distancing Due To Virus"

COVID-19, for familiarly known by all as Coronavirus, has pushed us all into our homes and now is not the time to step back out. Probably (or, definitely?) not for a couple of weeks at least. You can't have one single activity to do, that is going to bore you out. So, may be it's time we shake things up, mix things up, and keep ourselves and others entertained. 

One, of them can be to read books.Read books. Oops, I am biased on this one. Finally, we have the time to tick that un-ticked bucket list of pending books. If you're not a reader, this social distancing exercise may just push you to the edge of boredom, and you might just have to grab a book to make sure you don't fall. So, check out and pick one that seems interesting to you. And, what are you waiting for? Give yourself an unputdownable ride.

Maybe, at times like these, you'd want to check out the adrenaline pumping rides with Jack Stapleton in Robin Cook's Contagion? Or, how about you give company to Brian as he wades through life for 53 days in a forest by himself in Gary Paulsen's Hatchet? Also, check out other titles by Cook, that'll give you all the medical thrillers you need.

If you want to binge some good, unputdownable series this couple of weeks, check these out: Ender's Game by Orson Scott Card, Foundation Saga by Issac Assimov, Ponniyin Selvan by Kalki. R. Krishnamoorthy (English translations), Inkheart trilogy by Cornelia Funke, Lord of The Rings by Tolkien, A Wrinkle In Time by Madeleine L' Engle, and check out my blog Index for more.

And hey, I gave you a few examples assuming you have read Harry Potter, Hobbit, Chronicles of Narnia and the rest! If not, finish them off this break before they pile up more work on you!

If you want some cool animated films, I have a list under the movies tab!

Stay indoors, chill at home, try out things you've always wanted to try out, read and write (a lot), finish writing a book, or making a music album maybe, but don't go out! Social distancing is important, and it is not without reason that the greatest doctors from all over the world urge you to stay at home! 

Stay safe, and keep yourself engaged!